Monday, February 8, 2016

Matrilineal Monday: Women in War

What did our great grandmothers do when their husbands
picked up their rifles and
walked off with their neighbors to fight the Civil War? Did they follow their husbands or remain at home? How did those women feed their children? How did they keep the home and the family together until their husbands returned, if they returned?

We have researched our military ancestors to discover their units; their leaders; battles they were a part of; pensions received & other details. But what about the women left behind? The men did the hunting/fishing/farming to sustain the family. The men kept hostile animals away to keep the homestead safe. The men owned the land and brought home money. But the men were gone.

I know I come from many strong independent women who did not hesitate to plow a field, manage a store, gather & can food or get a job. But I wanted to know more about these women who were “left behind”.

Nearby I am fortunate to have Hudson Valley Community College which offers many classes and lectures for the community. I heard a lecture there on this topic. Michael Aikey, the retired director of the New York State Military Museum and Veterans Research Center in Saratoga Springs, NY, talked about “Women and War”. He talked about women who followed their husbands off to war and those left behind. Listening to his lecture was a wonderful way to spend the morning.

Michael Aikey shared his reading list with those of us who listened to his lecture. I asked his permission to share that list with you readers and he kindly agreed. If you’d like to know what the women in your family did during these harsh time in our history find a book for the correct time period and start reading.

Thanks, Michael!

Women and War: Suggested Reading List

Abrahamson, James L.  The American Home Front: Revolutionary War, Civil War, World War I, World War II; Washington, DC: National Defense University Press, 1983.
Osterud, Nancy.  Bonds of Community: The Lives of Farm Women in Nineteenth-Century New York. Ithaca, NY: Cornell Univ. Press, 1991.

Ryan, Mary.  Womanhood in America: From Colonial Times to the Present. NY: New Viewpoints, 1975.

Berkin, Carol.  Revolutionary Mothers: Women in the Struggle for America’s Independence. NY: Alfred A. Knopf, 2005.

Booth, Sally S.  The Women of ’76. NY: Hastings House, 1973.

Calhoon, Robert M.  The Loyalists in Revolutionary America, 1760-1781. NY: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1973.

Flick, Alexander.  Loyalism in New York During the American Revolution. NY: Arno Press, 1969.

Jasanoff, Maya.  Liberty’s Exiles: The Loss of America and the Remaking of the British
Empire. London : Harper Press, 2011.

Norton, Mary Beth, Liberty’s Daughter’s: The Revolutionary Experience of American Women, 1750-1800. Glenville, IL : Scott, Foresman & Co., 1980.

Paltsits, Victor H., editor.  Minutes of the Commissioners for Detecting and Defeating Conspiracies in the State of New York. Albany : State of New York, 1909, 3 volumes.

Blanton, DeAnne & Lauren M. Cook.  They Fought Like Demons: Women Soldiers in the American Civil War. Baton Rouge, LA : Louisiana State Univ. Press, 2002.

Burgess, Lauren C., editor.  An Uncommon Soldier: The Civil War Letters of Sarah Rosetta Wakeman, alias Private Lyons Wakeman 153rd Regiment, New York State Volunteers. Pasadena, MD : Minerva Center, 1994.

Clinton, Catherine & Nina Silber, editors. Divided Houses: Gender and the Civil War. NY: Oxford Univ. Press, 1992.

Giesberg, Judith.  Army at Home: Women and the Civil War on the Northern Home Front. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2009.

Harper, Judith.  Women During the Civil War: An Encyclopedia. NY: Routledge, 2004.

Leonard, Elizabeth.  All the Daring of the Soldier: Women of the Civil War Armies. NY: W.W. Norton, 1999.

Massey, Mary.  Bonnet Brigades: American Women and the Civil War. NY: Alfred A. Knopf, 1966. 

Richards, Caroline Cowles.  Village Life in America, 1852-1872. NY: Henry Holt and Co., 1913.

Silber, Nina.  Daughters of the Union: Northern Women Fight the Civil War. Cambridge, MA : Harvard Univ. Press, 2005.

Brown, Carrie.  Rosie’s Mom: Forgotten Women Workers of the First World War. Boston: Northeastern Univ. Press, 2002.

Gavin, Lettie.  American Women in World War I: They Also Served. Niwot, CO: Univ. Press of Colorado, 1997.

Greenwald, Maurine W.  Women, War and Work: The Impact of World War I on Women Workers in the United States. Ithaca : Cornell Univ. Press, 1990.

Emert, Phyllis, editor.  World War II: On the Homefront. Carlisle, MA: Discovery Enterprises, (n.d.)

Litoff, Judy & David Smith.  Since You Went Away: World War II Letters from American Women on the Home Front. NY : Oxford Univ. Press, 1991.

Weatherford, Doris.  American Women and World War II. Edison, NJ: Castle Books, 2008.

Michael Aikey; Email:

Wednesday, February 3, 2016

Time to Write: #9 Final Thoughts [for now]

‘Remembrances: The Story of the Brady, Coyle, Gardner, Mullane & Other Related Families’

I am in the process of writing the story of my mother’s family. I could truthfully say I have been gathering information for this book since I was a little girl & my Nana told us stories about her childhood in New York City. Those stories and many years of research are now, at long last, going into book form. It is Time to Write. I have been posting about some of the items I am including in that book, such as an index & maps.

As you all know it all takes more time than we think it will. There are delays. Our son in law had knee surgery & I lent a hand in Virginia for a few weeks. Holidays and birthdays came & went. Home again I am working for hours every day.

There has been a change since I began writing my 'Time to Write' posts. I am writing in Microsoft Word, as I posted but my editor is transferring my work into another format. Editor? Yes, our daughter is between semesters at college where she is an adjunct professor pf Physics. She is also my editor. Alyssa is very interested in genealogy and has great computer skills. She is using LaTeX, ‘a programming language to format books, articles & manuscripts’.  As I finish a section she moves it into this system. Now the book is looking very professional. Thanks, Alyssa!

Confession. I think my blog has suffered while I have been working on the book. It is difficult to write both things at once. I want to stay focused on the writing process which means not being tempted to research or go off on any tangents. I am trying to post occasional posts because I want to keep the blog going but it is not getting the attention it did. Even my time in reading & writing comments on other blogs has been cut back. Apologies to those blogs I usually visit.

I hope to add to this ‘Time to Write’ series once I take my work to the publisher. There will still be decisions, like cover art, the number of copies, etc. Should I use a photo of my own for the cover art or use something from the publisher? How many copies should I order? I will blog about those options & my decisions.

Meanwhile I am off to my library/guest room where I use the desk that once belonged to our son for my writing. I am crossing things off the lists on my cork board! 

Is it a Time to Write for you?

Related Posts:

Wednesday, January 27, 2016

Time to Write: #8 Sidebars

In writing the book about my mother’s family I have added sidebars to my book. A basic sidebar is not difficult to add in Microsoft Word. In the top task bar go to: Insert/Text Box & look at the options in the drop down menu. I have used the Conservative sidebar because I don’t want any lines or colors to take away from the content.

I like to place the sidebars on the outer edges of the pages; on the left edge on the left hand pages & on the right edge on the right hand pages. I don’t want them lost on the inner margins, especially if the pages do not lay flat.

I use sidebars for two different reasons.

First, I have used sidebars to add photographs to my book. I have read many genealogy books where photos are placed in a separate section but I like to see the faces of the people I am reading about so I have the text & the photos together. I set my sidebars about two inches wide so my photos are small but if I kept the photos at their original size they would take up lots of space & each new page makes the book more expensive. I caption the photos with name, date & location when known. I’ve also added photographs of churches, homes and tombstones of the people I am writing about. I like the look of the pages with sidebars and I think the photos liven up the pages.

Second, I have used sidebars to add historical notes. For example, when I was writing about the birth of my Nana, Helen F (Coyle) Gardner, born 9 January 1897 in New York City, I added a side bar to paint a picture of the time and place she was born. I include the source of the historical note.

New York City in 1897. New York has more than 2,000 street vendors selling cheaply priced fruits, vegetables, household goods, and clothing. Their pushcarts are to be found mostly on the Lower East Side… The vendors buy wholesale lots of factory seconds, surplus or damaged food items, and the like: customers buy rotting pears for almost nothing and salvage the edible portions; they buy second – and third – hand shoes; even complete wedding outfits (for as little as $10)…. A pushcart can be bought outright for $5 to $10, but most of the vendors rent their carts for 10 to 25 cents a day; with an initial investment of $5, a peddler can earn $8 to $10 per week, enough to support a family of five.  Source: James Trager, The New York Chronology (New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 2003), p. 251.

Our family members are the characters of the story and the historical facts are the setting. Sidebars help to add details to that setting.   My historical notes might include economic, political or social information on local, state or national level. 

Wednesday, January 20, 2016

Time to Write: #7 Appendix

I am reaching the final pages of my book & hoping they will be as interesting as the first pages. Of course, there will be a Bibliography & an Index which will be vital but not exactly intriguing.

I am scanning original documents, certificates & letters to include. Most of these items have been kept in our family for generations. Some of them are scans of originals that belong to distant cousins or were found in archives.

I especially like the letters. I am the holder of the originals. I like seeing the actual handwriting of my family, like my maternal grandfather who died long before I was born. I like holding the papers they held. [Of course, I do not handle them often. They are in archival sleeves.] The occasional misspellings and cross outs make my ancestors come alive. In one letter my grandfather switches from a pen to a pencil because the ink runs out of his pen. I would like to include all the letters but there are quite a few & although it would help to preserve them I’m not sure folks would like to read them all.

1927. Autograph book page. Written by my maternal grandmother to her sister.

This is still in progress. So far I am including these items:

o   Daniel Mullane business card, date unknown
o   1841   Marriage record for Thomas Brady & Catherine Gibney
o   1878   Marriage record for Leopold Gartner & Fannie Edelstein
o   1888   Citizenship Application for Leopold Gartner
o   1894   Citizenship papers for Michael Coyle
o   1895   Marriage certificate for Michael Coyle & Mary Mullane
o   1897   Birth Certificate for Helen ‘Nellie’ Coyle
o   1921   Marriage certificate for Nathaniel Gardner & Helen Coyle
o   1922   Letter from Nathaniel Gardner to his wife, Helen (Coyle) Gardner
o   1926   Letter from Helen (Coyle) Gardner to her husband, Nathaniel
o   1927   Duplicate Receipt for 1899 Burial Plot of Frances Coyle in St. Raymond’s cemetery
o   1927   Pages from Lillian A. Coyle’s Autograph book
o   1927   Receipt from undertaker for Burial of Mary J (Mullane) Coyle
o   1928   Letter from Timothy Mullane to Helen (Coyle) Gardner
o   1928   Certificates of birth & baptism for Alberta Joy (Gardner) Brown
o   1930   Poem written by Thomas Coyle for his sister, Kathleen G. Coyle
o   1931   Marriage certificate for James J McCall & Mary Coyle
o   1934   Driver’s License & other items belonging to Nathaniel Gardner
o   1936   Letter from Nathaniel Gardner to his daughter, Alberta Joy
o   1940   Letter from Alberta Joy Gardner to her father
o   1940   Note concerning the birth of Nathaniel Gardner
o   1944   Letter written by Helen (Coyle) Gardner
o   1948   Invitation to wedding of Alberta Joy Gardner & Delbert K. Brown

I am considering including a couple recipes from my mother but I am not sure if those would belong with the documents [They are not hand written.]  & I’m not sure there are enough to make a separate section. Another decision I have to make. If I include them where should they go?

What about our family 'treasures'? The cake plate used in my great grandfather's bakery, the tiny gold bracelet my great grandmother bought for my mother before she was born, the lace veil from my mother's First Communion, my grandfather's telegrapher's key,... I have photographed these items. Do the photos belong in the book?  Where: in the chapters about the people they belonged to or in the Appendix or in another section altogether? 

A practical consideration when considering what to include in the Appendix is the number of pages & the cost per page. At this time the book is 350+ pages. Of course, everything should be included to share with the greatest number of people but what it becomes too expensive to put into a great number of hands?

Have you added an Appendix to your books? What did you add? Have you read a book & wished something more was included? I’d love to hear your thoughts. 

Wednesday, January 13, 2016

Time to Write: #6 Maps

I am putting my research on my mother’s family into a book. I would like to include a few maps. The book I wrote about my paternal grandmother’s family took place in the United States and I did not feel a great need for maps. However, my mother’s book stretches across the Atlantic and I think maps would be helpful to give a clear picture of our roots.

The first task, of course, is to locate maps. I have maps from archives and genealogy centers. I can credit those institutions for the maps. I have maps in books and I can cite the books for those maps.
What about maps on line? Who gets credit? I found several black & white maps of Ireland that show the counties. They look identical but they come from various websites. Do I credit one, all or none of those sites?
In the first section of my book I have these maps:
1.    The Families
a.    Map of Ireland
b.    Map of County Cavan, Ireland
c.    Map of Killykeen, Cavan, Ireland
d.    Map of Moate, Cavan, Ireland
e.    Map of Dukla, Poland & Tojak, Hungary; Home of the Gartners
f.     Map of Tipperary County, Ireland
g.    1841 Map of Clonmel, Tipperary, Ireland
h.    1975 Map of Clonmel, Tipperary, Ireland

Map from
 Clonmel; An Architectural Guide by Elizabeth Shee & S J Watson, 1975.
My Mullane family lived in Clonmel, Tipperary, Ireland for about 100 years.

My book is being written for my family, certainly not mass market sales. However I do want to give credit to others for their work. I certainly have no talent for drawing my own maps.
I welcome feedback from others who have dealt with maps in their publications. Where do you get your maps & how do you give credit to the artists?

Sunday, January 3, 2016

Time to Write: #5 Section Dividers

I have been detailing the many elements I am including in the book I am writing about my mother’s family. I have written about Page Numbers, a Table of Contents & an Index. These items are standard items seen in the most useful genealogy books.

In this book I’d also like to add some personal touches. My book has three basic sections:

The Families
The Families Come Together
Our Family

I want each section to begin with a divider page. I gave thought to how those divider pages should look. When each page in a self-published book increases the cost of the book I do not want much white space. I considered charts or graphs but decided to use photographs.

At you can make collages for free. Import your own photos & follow the instructions. I made a collage for each Section and each chapter of my book. On the collages I used the text boxes to add a number for each photo. I inserted each collage & beneath it I typed in a key that tells the reader who is in each photo.

I'd love to use color photos when available but color greatly increases the cost of each book.

The divider pages are not merely filler pages. They organize my book, embellish & educate. Here is the divider for 'The Families'. 

1 Gartner/Weissberg Wedding; 2 Rock of Cashel, Tipperary, Ireland; 3 Michael & Mary Jo (Mullane) Coyle; 4 Daniel & Daniel Mullane, Jr.; 5 Children of Michael & Mary Jo (Mullane) Coyle; 6 Bartholomew A Brady family; 7 Alberta Joy Gardner; 8 Children of Bartholomew A Brady; 9 Brigid (English) Mullane; 10 Helen F. Coyle & Nathaniel Gardner; 11 Patrick Coyle; 12 Leopold Gartner & Nathaniel Gardner